Californians with convictions face over 4,800 laws that impose harmful collateral consequences long after successful completion of a sentence, most of which have no foundation in public safety and serve no purpose other than to make it harder for people to rebuild their lives.
people with a criminal conviction (76 percent) have experienced barriers to success.
difficulty finding a job
struggle paying fines or fees
health issues including difficulty sleeping
difficulty obtaining an occupational license
difficulty finding housing
People of color are
more likely than white people to report difficulty finding a job
more likely to report difficulty finding housing
Respondents with household incomes less than $25,000 vs. those with incomes greater than $75,000 are
as likely to report difficulty finding a job
as likely to report difficulty finding housing
the average debt incurred because of criminal conviction is
a base fine of
could result in total court-ordered debt of over
In 2014, the U.S. lost the equivalent of
workers to restrictions based on conviction records, representing up to an
loss in annual gross domestic product
To address this crisis, Californians for Safety and Justice (CSJ) convened a group of leading experts to develop a first-of-its-kind study on the impact of collateral consequences and the opportunity to advance solutions that will eliminate barriers to success and offer real second chances to millions of Californians. Based on the experiences of people living with criminal records and the challenges they face in overcoming those convictions, this groundbreaking research highlights the most pernicious roadblocks, the long-term effects on individuals, families, and communities and recommendations to increase legal remedies and remove unnecessary restrictions.